At Novartis, we’re committed to advancing precision medicine, and we firmly believe that the future of medicine is about creating results, not pills.
What is precision medicine? Simply put: precision medicine is tailoring medical treatments to individual patients, ensuring them the right treatment at the right dose specifically for them, precisely.
“Precision medicine is where we want medicine to be. It is a key evolution – it used to be about making the patient fit the treatment, but now it is about making the treatment fit the patient,” -Dr. Ronenn Roubenoff, Global Translational Medicine Head, Musculoskeletal Diseases at Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research
To achieve this, we need to know more about the specifics of the disease state in each patient. It’s no longer enough to look at traditional factors; we now need a more precise view, with the help of factors such as genetics, diet or lifestyle. In oncology for instance, we have seen major breakthroughs since it became possible to biochemically define a cancer. With precision medicine, breast cancer is no longer just breast cancer; it can be defined by various biomarkers such as estrogen receptor expression, or the presence of HER2.
Such biomarkers have invaluable prognostic power and help to determine treatment strategy. The same is true for many cancers now, and survival rates have strongly increased as a result. The knowledge gained from precision oncology is being used to expedite advances across other areas of medicine. However, each disease has a different set of challenges needing to be solved to embrace the precision medicine approach.
Dr. Tewis Bouwmeester, Developmental & Molecular Pathways Basel Site Head at Novartis, focuses on regenerative medicine and notes that precision techniques extend as far as using a patient’s own stem cells.
“We take the patient’s own skin stem cells and reprogram them into the ideal target cell type for the disorder being treated,” said Tewis. “This avoids so many of the issues associated with the transfer of cells or tissues from other donors where there is always the risk that the patient’s body rejects the transplant.”
It’s an exciting time for this emerging field of medicine. With the help of traditional and novel collaborations, we’re working to bring a precision medicine approach to a many therapeutic areas.